While national and international policy has long shaped Taishan, during its early development the county maintained strong autonomy, operating under its own form of social governance. It was not until the post-reform era that top-down policy began to affect local action. This shift is marked most clearly by the 2006 policy, “Building a New Socialist Countryside” which sought to extend the project of modernization beyond urban centers and reduce urban-rural inequalities. Since 2006, ambitious and increasingly specific policies are targeting four key areas - heritage, tourism, land use, and population. An overarching theme is an emphasis on the tertiary economic sector, specifically the domestic tourism industry. The county is now poised to leverage its location and resources to catalyze a second era of prosperity.